Categories
Language

Comparatives and Superlatives: Part Seven (Diinlang 2.1)

For Diinlang 2.1 I will attempt to simplify the comparative and superlative system once again. “Ta” and “ko” remain as the positives, with the meanings of large/big/great and small/little, and hence “taz” and “koz” mean many and few.
The suffix “mo-”, makes a comparative, hence mota, moko, motaz and mokoz have the meanings: bigger, smaller, more-numerous and fewer. To make a superlative add the definite article to the comparative, as is practised in many languages. ie “ve moko”=“the smallest”. For uses such as “most people like coffee” use a constructions such as “remo motaz”. (very many) or whatever word is selected for “majority”.
“Mo” is combined with “re”, the word for “repeat/again” to give a new word for “very”.
Categories
Language

Diinlang 2.1 Single Letter Contractions.

The other night I was watching “Blue Planet II” again. David Attenborough said something about the majority of the Earth’s animal life living below the twilight level of the oceans. These creatures use light to communicate, making it likely that visual means is the most commonly used communication system on the planet. A few days later a friend notes that most personal communication these days is written. This is another example of visual communication. As I have noted before, many English speakers read at a higher word rate than they listen at.
It is logical that any auxiliary language (auxlang) project consider its visual as well as its phonetic elements. English partially does this already, using alternate characters or spellings to distinguish certain homophones. Consider “click” and “klick” or “saw” and “sore”. While creating new alphabets may be diverting, an auxlang should probably be compatible with the ISO standard alphabet. This approach allows me to utilize the non-phonetic letters for Diinlang.
One of the systems that I have looked at when designing Diinlang is Dutton Speedwords, and related systems such as Yublin. Clearly, making the most commonly used words short contributes to making an auxlang type-friendly. Dutton’s system has its good points and bad. One of the better is how the single letter word for “will”(r) and that for “was”(y) combine to make a word with the meaning “would”(yr).
Below is an attempt at some single letter codes that can be used when writing Diinlang. Since Diinlang uses a syntax that is similar, but simpler than English these letters may also be mixed into English, which is a good way to learn them.
Note that these single letter codes are contractions, rather than single letter words. When spoken, nearly all of them follow the simple rule of taking an “e/i” sound if a consonant and a “h” if a vowel. The exceptions to this rule are few and easily learnt.
    • The pronoun “u” is pronounced “yu”.
    • The pronoun “m” is pronounced or written as either “me” or “em”. They are interchangeable in meaning or use.
    • “y” and “n” mean “yes” and “no”. They may be pronounced “ye” and “ne” but “ya” and “no” are also permitted. These are also alternate written words if not contracted.
    • The non-phonetic letters (c, q, x) are treated as symbols and have pronunciations that must be learnt.
The proposed single letter contractions for Diinlang are:

a: “ah” future tense marker, the equivalent of “will” or “going to” n English. “a-t” gives “ah-te” for “would” and forms a subjunctive tense.
b: “be” verb “to be”. a b (ah be) “will be”, t b (te be) or bt (be-te) “was”.
c: symbol standing for the word “kom”, meaning “with”.
d: “de” meaning “from”, “for”, “of”. General purpose preposition.
e: “eh” means “and”. The symbols “&” or “+” may be used instead and pronounced as “eh”.
f: “fe” verb “to do”. Placed with another verb creates an infinitive. This is a new change for Diinlang 2.1 and replaces the word “du”.
g: “ge” verb “to get”, creating passive voice when uses as an auxiliary with another verb.
h: “he” verb “to have”, creating perfect tense when used as auxiliary. Note that the vowel sound is very short.
i: pronounced “ih”, means “in”.
j: “je” indefinite article. means “some”. Gendered forms are ja and jo, specific plural jez. “jaz” and “joz” could potentially be used.
k: “ke” relative pronoun “that”. This represents other English relative pronouns such as who, what, which.
l: “le” for “to say”. “lt” is “le-te” and means “said”.
m: “me” or “em” First person pronoun. First person plural pronoun is formed “mz” for “mez” or “emz”.
n: “ne” or “no” negator.
o: pronounced “oh” means “or”. “eo” is “eh-oh” and means “and/or”.
p: “pe” means “per”.
q: symbol pronounced as “kwe”, means “what”(interogative or marks a clause or sentence as a question when placed at the start or end. Its resemblence to the Franco-Latin “que” may see it used as a relative pronoun (English “that”) or for comparison (like English “than”).
r: “re”. On its own could be used for the word “again”. re- is used at the start of some Diinlang words with the same or similar meaning to its use in English.
s: “se” reflexive pronoun.
t: “te” past tense marker when placed before a verb. Past-passive suffix on adjectives and adverbs. Creates a single word past tense form when used as a suffix on verbs
u: “yu” Second person pronoun “you”. Optional plural formed “uz” or “yuz”.
v: “ve” definite article, means “the”. Gendered as “va” and “vo”, plural as “vz” for “vez”. “voz” and “vaz” are gendered plurals.
w: Unassigned. Given the problems with pronunciation it causes some nationalities this phoneme may possibly not be used in Diinlang.
x: symbol pronounced “eks” meaning “out”.
y: “ya/ye/” means yes. Second form is pronounced “yeh” rather than “yee”.
z: “ze” third person pronoun. Becomes zo (he), za (she), plurals are zz/zez, zoz and zaz.